Cavitations and NICO – these are two common dental issues that can easily be confused with each other. However‚ they are very different problems that have various types of symptoms and treatments. This article will explore more behind what they are and how they differ from each other.
What are Cavitations?
Cavitations are when cave–like holes form in the jaw‚ usually due to a build–up of bacteria in it. This issue does not often provide obvious symptoms‚ but rather can only be detected with the help of X–rays.
What is NICO?
NICO‚ which stands for Neuralgia–Inducing Cavitational Osteonecrosis‚ is when the jaw is affected by bone–destroying bacteria. This bacteria works to break down the bone which can cause it to erode and eventually disintegrate. While this disease can happen to all bones in the body‚ its symptoms can be a little stronger when it's located in the jaw as the area can be very sensitive.
How are Cavitations and NICO Formed?
Cavitations and NICO are both believed to be caused by previous dental surgeries‚ such as tooth extractions or root canals. This is because sometimes dental surgeries might not heal correctly or could leave behind small fragments of tissue which can invite bacteria to grow in the space.
Cavitations vs. NICO – The Differences
While both of these dental issues affect the jaw similarly‚ they are different in a few ways. The first is the level of pain. Cavitations cause practically no pain whereas NICO does. In fact‚ NICO can be extremely painful and make it hard to chew and talk because it affects the degenerating nerve.
Another difference is their location. Cavitations tend to be located below the tooth while NICO tends to be either in the lower end of the tooth or in its root where it meets with facial nerves.
Ways to Treat Them
Thankfully‚ there are a few different methods you can choose from to help treat your cavitations or NICO.
Treatment for Cavitations
Cavitations can be treated in a few different ways‚ all of which depend on the extent of the cavitation. If your cavitation doesn’t seem to be too deep into your tooth‚ your dentist will more than likely prescribe you antibiotics to kill the bacteria in it or suggest laser therapy which can zap the area with radiation to help heal it.
If your cavitation is a little more advanced‚ your dentist will probably ask that you have surgery done. This way‚ they can remove the affected tooth‚ clean the area‚ and then seal it up.
Treatment for NICO
Because NICO is a slightly more advanced problem than cavitations‚ you more than likely will be required to have surgery. This surgery will involve your dentist removing surrounding membranes with the method of curettage.
It might seem like cavitations and NICO are the same problem‚ but they aren’t. These are very two different dental issues but have many similarities‚ such as their causes and treatments. By keeping the information mentioned above in mind‚ you can help to keep an eye out for them early on and talk with your dentist about treatment if necessary.